Editing Flag State jurisdiction

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! scope="col" style="background-color:#ffffaa;"| [[Flag State jurisdiction]]
 
! scope="col" style="background-color:#ffffaa;"| [[Flag State jurisdiction]]
 
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Pursuant to the law of the sea, a ship has the nationality of the State whose flag it is entitled to fly.<ref>Law of the Sea Convention, Art 91(1).</ref> In turn, that State has the exclusive jurisdiction over the ship in question while the ship is on the high seas.<ref>Law of the Sea Convention, Art 92(1). See also Doris König, ‘[https://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/law-9780199231690-e1166?mc_phishing_protection_id=28047-btdlk3adu81ap24s0cj0 Flag of Ships]’ in Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed) ''Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law'' (OUP 2008-, updated April 2009) para 25.</ref> Conversely, other States are prohibited from exercising enforcement jurisdiction<ref>Enforcement jurisdiction refers to the authority of a State to secure compliance with legal rules. Restatement (Fourth) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States (ALI 2018) § 401.</ref> over a vessel that does not fly their flag.<ref>The <i>Case of the S.S. “Lotus” (Judgment No. 9)</i> (1927) PCIJ Series A No 10, “It is certainly true that – apart from certain special cases which are defined by international law – vessels on the high seas are subject to no authority except that of the State whose flag they fly… no State may exercise any kind of jurisdiction over foreign vessels upon them”; see also <i>[https://eur03.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.itlos.org%2Ffileadmin%2Fitlos%2Fdocuments%2Fcases%2Fcase_no.25%2FJudgment%2FC25_Judgment_10.04.pdf&data=02%7C01%7Cmk503%40exeter.ac.uk%7C1ad23de9215848b6128908d7a0142583%7C912a5d77fb984eeeaf321334d8f04a53%7C0%7C1%7C637153880701235112&sdata=pGUCv2zT5%2FuBUQ7Y69%2Bddu%2FGqVzM9A9lC7TnhcCHPKo%3D&reserved=0 M/V “Norstar” judgment] (Panama v Italy) </i>(2019) 25 ITLOS (herein referred to as the <i>M/V “Norstar” Judgment</i>), para 216 ”…save in exceptional cases, no State may exercise jurisdiction over a foreign ship on the high seas”; Doris König, ‘[https://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/law-9780199231690-e1166?mc_phishing_protection_id=28047-btdlk3adu81ap24s0cj0 Flag of Ships]’ in Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed) ''Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law'' (OUP 2008-, updated April 2009) para 25.</ref>
 
Pursuant to the law of the sea, a ship has the nationality of the State whose flag it is entitled to fly.<ref>Law of the Sea Convention, Art 91(1).</ref> In turn, that State has the exclusive jurisdiction over the ship in question while the ship is on the high seas.<ref>Law of the Sea Convention, Art 92(1). See also Doris König, ‘[https://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/law-9780199231690-e1166?mc_phishing_protection_id=28047-btdlk3adu81ap24s0cj0 Flag of Ships]’ in Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed) ''Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law'' (OUP 2008-, updated April 2009) para 25.</ref> Conversely, other States are prohibited from exercising enforcement jurisdiction<ref>Enforcement jurisdiction refers to the authority of a State to secure compliance with legal rules. Restatement (Fourth) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States (ALI 2018) § 401.</ref> over a vessel that does not fly their flag.<ref>The <i>Case of the S.S. “Lotus” (Judgment No. 9)</i> (1927) PCIJ Series A No 10, “It is certainly true that – apart from certain special cases which are defined by international law – vessels on the high seas are subject to no authority except that of the State whose flag they fly… no State may exercise any kind of jurisdiction over foreign vessels upon them”; see also <i>[https://eur03.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.itlos.org%2Ffileadmin%2Fitlos%2Fdocuments%2Fcases%2Fcase_no.25%2FJudgment%2FC25_Judgment_10.04.pdf&data=02%7C01%7Cmk503%40exeter.ac.uk%7C1ad23de9215848b6128908d7a0142583%7C912a5d77fb984eeeaf321334d8f04a53%7C0%7C1%7C637153880701235112&sdata=pGUCv2zT5%2FuBUQ7Y69%2Bddu%2FGqVzM9A9lC7TnhcCHPKo%3D&reserved=0 M/V “Norstar” judgment] (Panama v Italy) </i>(2019) 25 ITLOS (herein referred to as the <i>M/V “Norstar” Judgment</i>), para 216 ”…save in exceptional cases, no State may exercise jurisdiction over a foreign ship on the high seas”; Doris König, ‘[https://opil.ouplaw.com/view/10.1093/law:epil/9780199231690/law-9780199231690-e1166?mc_phishing_protection_id=28047-btdlk3adu81ap24s0cj0 Flag of Ships]’ in Rüdiger Wolfrum (ed) ''Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law'' (OUP 2008-, updated April 2009) para 25.</ref>
   
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