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__NUMBEREDHEADINGS__
 
 
This page serves as the equivalent of a table of contents in a printed book. It contains an updated list of all substantive articles in the Toolkit.
 
This page serves as the equivalent of a table of contents in a printed book. It contains an updated list of all substantive articles in the Toolkit.
   
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* [[Scenario 18: Legal status of cyber operators during armed conflict|Scenario 18: Cyber operators]]
 
* [[Scenario 18: Legal status of cyber operators during armed conflict|Scenario 18: Cyber operators]]
 
* [[Scenario 19: Hate speech]]
 
* [[Scenario 19: Hate speech]]
<!--
 
 
* [[Scenario 20: Cyber operations against medical facilities|Scenario 20: Medical facilities]]
 
* [[Scenario 20: Cyber operations against medical facilities|Scenario 20: Medical facilities]]
 
* [[Scenario 21: Misattribution caused by deception|Scenario 21: Misattribution]]
 
* [[Scenario 21: Misattribution caused by deception|Scenario 21: Misattribution]]
 
* [[Scenario 22: Cyber methods of warfare|Scenario 22: Methods of warfare]]
 
* [[Scenario 22: Cyber methods of warfare|Scenario 22: Methods of warfare]]
 
* [[Scenario 23: Vaccine research and testing|Scenario 23: Vaccine research]]
 
* [[Scenario 23: Vaccine research and testing|Scenario 23: Vaccine research]]
* [[Scenario 24: Internet blockage]]-->
+
* [[Scenario 24: Internet blockage]]
  +
* [[Scenario 25: Cyber disruption of humanitarian assistance|Scenario 25: Humanitarian assistance]]
 
</div>
 
</div>
   
 
== Legal concepts ==
 
== Legal concepts ==
 
=== General international law ===
 
=== General international law ===
  +
* [[Applicability of international law]]
 
* Jurisdiction
 
* Jurisdiction
 
* [[State responsibility]]
 
* [[State responsibility]]
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=== Use of force, conflict and international law ===
 
=== Use of force, conflict and international law ===
 
* [[Peaceful settlement of disputes]]
 
* [[Peaceful settlement of disputes]]
* [[Use of force|International law on the use of force (''jus ad bellum'')]]
+
* International law on the use of force (''jus ad bellum'')
** Armed attack
+
** [[Use of force]]
** [[Self-defence]]
+
** [[Self-defence|Armed attack and self-defence]]
 
* [[International humanitarian law (jus in bello)|International humanitarian law (''jus in bello'')]]
 
* [[International humanitarian law (jus in bello)|International humanitarian law (''jus in bello'')]]
 
** Conflict qualification
 
** Conflict qualification
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*** [[Non-international armed conflict]]
 
*** [[Non-international armed conflict]]
 
** [[Conduct of hostilities]]
 
** [[Conduct of hostilities]]
  +
*** [[Principle of precautions]]
<!-- *** The principle of precaution (in FR position)-->
 
 
*** [[Military objectives]]
 
*** [[Military objectives]]
 
**** [[Military_objectives#Qualification_of_data_as_a_military_objective_under_IHL|Data as a military objective]]
 
**** [[Military_objectives#Qualification_of_data_as_a_military_objective_under_IHL|Data as a military objective]]
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** [[Specially protected persons, objects, and activities (international humanitarian law)|Specially protected persons, objects, and activities]]
 
** [[Specially protected persons, objects, and activities (international humanitarian law)|Specially protected persons, objects, and activities]]
 
*** [[Protection of medical units during armed conflict]]
 
*** [[Protection of medical units during armed conflict]]
  +
*** [[Humanitarian relief operations]]
 
** Occupation
 
** Occupation
 
** [[Neutrality]]
 
** [[Neutrality]]
   
 
== Real-world examples ==
 
== Real-world examples ==
  +
* 2022
  +
<!--** [[Kazakhstan internet blockage (2022)]]-->
  +
** [[Predatory Sparrow operation against Iranian steel maker (2022)]]
  +
** [[Viasat KA-SAT attack (2022)]]
  +
** [[HermeticWiper malware attack (2022)]]
  +
** [[Cyber operations against government systems in Ukraine (January 2022)]]
 
* 2021
 
* 2021
 
** [[Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack (2021)]]
 
** [[Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack (2021)]]
** [[Health Service Executive ransomware attack (2021)]]
+
** [[UN data breach (2021)]]
  +
** [[Waikato Hospitals ransomware attack (2021)]]
  +
** [[Ireland’s Health Service Executive ransomware attack (2021)]]
  +
** [[Kaseya VSA ransomware attack (2021)]]
 
** [[Microsoft Exchange Server data breach (2021)]]
 
** [[Microsoft Exchange Server data breach (2021)]]
<!--** [[Pegasus Project revelations (2021)]] work in progress (NÚKIB)-->
+
** [[Pegasus Project revelations (2021)]]
 
<!--
  +
** Water treatment plants https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2021/10/ransomware-attacks-against-water-treatment-plants.html
  +
** Ghostwriter-->
 
* 2020
 
* 2020
  +
<!--** [[German hospital ransomware attack (2020)]]-->
 
** [[African Union headquarters hack (2020)]]
 
** [[African Union headquarters hack (2020)]]
 
** [[Brno University Hospital ransomware attack (2020)]]
 
** [[Brno University Hospital ransomware attack (2020)]]
  +
** [[Google shutting down an active counterterrorism operation (2020)]]
 
** [[SolarWinds (2020)]]
 
** [[SolarWinds (2020)]]
  +
** [[Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine data modification and leak (2020)]]
  +
** [[Israel’s water facilities attack (2020)]]
  +
** [[APT32 attacks on Chinese government (2020)]]
 
* 2019
 
* 2019
 
** [[Cyber interference against vessels in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman (2019)]]
 
** [[Cyber interference against vessels in the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman (2019)]]
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** [[Israeli attack against Hamas cyber headquarters in Gaza (2019)]]
 
** [[Israeli attack against Hamas cyber headquarters in Gaza (2019)]]
 
** [[Russia's sovereign internet (2019 onward)]]
 
** [[Russia's sovereign internet (2019 onward)]]
  +
** [[Springhill Medical Center ransomware attack (2019)]]
 
** [[Texas Municipality ransomware attack (2019)]]
 
** [[Texas Municipality ransomware attack (2019)]]
 
* 2018
 
* 2018
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** [[Wu Yingzhuo, Dong Hao and Xia Lei indictment (2017)]]
 
** [[Wu Yingzhuo, Dong Hao and Xia Lei indictment (2017)]]
 
* 2016
 
* 2016
  +
** [[Surveillance of Civil Society Groups/Ahmed Mansoor (2016)]]
 
** [[DNC email leak (2016)]]
 
** [[DNC email leak (2016)]]
 
** [[Industroyer – Crash Override (2016)]]
 
** [[Industroyer – Crash Override (2016)]]
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The following examples should be created as a priority, in this order:
 
The following examples should be created as a priority, in this order:
* Kaseya / REvil
 
 
* [[Pegasus Project revelations (2021)]] work in progress (NÚKIB)
 
* [[Pegasus Project revelations (2021)]] work in progress (NÚKIB)
* [[Google shuts down an active counterterrorism operation (2021)]]: https://www.technologyreview.com/2021/03/26/1021318/google-security-shut-down-counter-terrorist-us-ally/
 
 
* [[Chinese infiltration into EU parliamentary proceedings (2018)]]
 
* [[Chinese infiltration into EU parliamentary proceedings (2018)]]
   
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* [[National position of Australia (2020)|Australia (2020)]]
 
* [[National position of Australia (2020)|Australia (2020)]]
 
* [[National position of Brazil (2021)|Brazil (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Brazil (2021)|Brazil (2021)]]
  +
* [[National position of Canada (2022)|Canada (2022)]]
  +
* [[National position of the People's Republic of China (2021)|China (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of the Czech Republic (2020)|Czech Republic (2020)]]
 
* [[National position of the Czech Republic (2020)|Czech Republic (2020)]]
 
* Estonia ([[National position of Estonia (2019)|2019]] and [[National position of Estonia (2021)|2021]])
 
* Estonia ([[National position of Estonia (2019)|2019]] and [[National position of Estonia (2021)|2021]])
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* [[National position of Iran (2020)|Iran (2020)]]
 
* [[National position of Iran (2020)|Iran (2020)]]
 
* [[National position of Israel (2020)|Israel (2020)]]
 
* [[National position of Israel (2020)|Israel (2020)]]
  +
* [[National position of the Italian Republic (2021)|Italy (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Japan (2021)|Japan (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Japan (2021)|Japan (2021)]]
  +
* [[National position of Kazakhstan (2021)|Kazakhstan (2021)]]
  +
* [[National position of Kenya (2021)|Kenya (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of the Netherlands (2019)|Netherlands (2019)]]
 
* [[National position of the Netherlands (2019)|Netherlands (2019)]]
 
* [[National position of New Zealand (2020)|New Zealand (2020)]]
 
* [[National position of New Zealand (2020)|New Zealand (2020)]]
 
* [[National position of Norway (2021)|Norway (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Norway (2021)|Norway (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Romania (2021)|Romania (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Romania (2021)|Romania (2021)]]
  +
* [[National position of the Russian Federation (2021)|Russia (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Singapore (2021)|Singapore (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Singapore (2021)|Singapore (2021)]]
  +
* [[National position of the Kingdom of Sweden (2022)|Sweden (2022)]]
 
* [[National position of Switzerland (2021)|Switzerland (2021)]]
 
* [[National position of Switzerland (2021)|Switzerland (2021)]]
* United Kingdom ([[National position of the United Kingdom (2018)|2018]] and [[National position of the United Kingdom (2021)|2021]])
+
* United Kingdom ([[National position of the United Kingdom (2018)|2018]], [[National position of the United Kingdom (2021)|2021]] and [[National position of the United Kingdom (2022)|2022]])
* United States ([[National position of the United States of America (2012)|2012]], [[National position of the United States of America (2016)|2016]] and [[National position of the United States of America (2020)|2020]])
+
* United States ([[National position of the United States of America (2012)|2012]], [[National position of the United States of America (2016)|2016]], [[National position of the United States of America (2020)|2020]] and [[National position of the United States of America (2021)|2021]])
 
</div>
 
</div>
   
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<tagcloud>
 
<tagcloud>
 
exclude=Pages_using_invalid_self-closed_HTML_tags
 
exclude=Pages_using_invalid_self-closed_HTML_tags
  +
include=Category:Threats
 
increase_factor=250
 
increase_factor=250
 
</tagcloud>
 
</tagcloud>

Revision as of 06:40, 26 September 2022

This page serves as the equivalent of a table of contents in a printed book. It contains an updated list of all substantive articles in the Toolkit.

About the project

Scenarios

Legal concepts

General international law

Specialised regimes of peacetime international law

Use of force, conflict and international law

Real-world examples

National positions

Keywords

2007  2008  2010  2011  2012  2014  2015  2016  2017  2018  2019  2020  2021  2022  Advanced persistent threat  Applicability of international law  Article 36  Attack (international humanitarian law)  Attacks against persons  Attribution  Breach of an international obligation  Causation  Combatancy  Computer data  Conduct of hostilities  Countermeasures  Crime of genocide  Crimes against humanity  Critical infrastructure  Cyber weapons  Cybercrime  DDoS  Deception  Defacement  Diplomatic and consular law  Direct participation in hostilities  Distinction  Due diligence  Economic cyber espionage  Effective control  Election interference  Evidence  Example  Flag State jurisdiction  Freedom of navigation  Hospitals  Humanitarian assistance  Hybrid threats  Indiscriminate attack  Individual criminal responsibility under international law  Industrial control system  International armed conflict  International cooperation  International export control law  International human rights law  International humanitarian law  International organization  International sanctions  International telecommunication law  Internationalization  Internet access  Inviolability  Law of the sea  Legal concepts  Legal personality  Legal review of cyber weapons  Legally binding unilateral declarations of States  Malware  Maritime law enforcement  Means and methods of cyber warfare  Medical units  Methods and means of warfare  Military objectives  Misattribution  Mistake of fact  Misuse of established indicators  National position  Neutrality  Non-State actors  Non-international armed conflict  Object  Overall control  Peaceful settlement of disputes  Peacetime cyber espionage  Perfidy and ruses of war  Persona non grata  Plea of necessity  Premises of the mission  Principle of precautions  Prohibition of genocide  Prohibition of intervention  Ransomware  Retorsion  Right to life  Scenario  Self-defence  Sovereign immunity  Sovereignty  Specially protected persons, objects and activities  State organs  State responsibility  Stuxnet  Supply chain  Surveillance  Targeted restrictive measures  Targeting  Threats  Transboundary harm  Use of force  Voluntary norms  War crimes  Weapons review