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<h2 id="mp-tfa-h2" style="margin:0.5em; background:#bbceed; font-family:inherit; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3bfb1; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">About the project</h2>
 
<h2 id="mp-tfa-h2" style="margin:0.5em; background:#bbceed; font-family:inherit; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3bfb1; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">About the project</h2>
<div id="mp-tfa" style="padding:0.1em 0.6em;">The '''Cyber Law Toolkit''' is a dynamic interactive web-based resource for legal professionals who work with matters at the intersection of international law and [[Glossary#C|cyber operations]]. The Toolkit may be explored and utilized in a number of different ways. At its heart, it consists of 14 hypothetical [[:Category:Scenario|scenarios]], to which more will be added in the future. Each scenario contains a description of cyber incidents inspired by real-world examples, accompanied by detailed legal analysis. The aim of the analysis is to examine the applicability of international law to the scenarios and the issues they raise. You can see all scenarios in the box immediately below – just click on any of them to follow the relevant analysis. In addition, you may want to explore the Toolkit by looking for [[keywords]] you’re interested in; by viewing its overall [[List of articles|article structure]]; or by reading about individual [[List_of_articles#Real-world_examples|real-world examples]] that serve as the basis of the Toolkit scenarios. Finally, you may want to use the search function in the top right corner of this page to look for specific words across all of the Toolkit content.</div>
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<div id="mp-tfa" style="padding:0.1em 0.6em;">The '''Cyber Law Toolkit''' is a dynamic interactive web-based resource for legal professionals who work with matters at the intersection of international law and [[Glossary#C|cyber operations]]. The Toolkit may be explored and utilized in a number of different ways. At its heart, it consists of 19 hypothetical [[:Category:Scenario|scenarios]], to which more will be added in the future. Each scenario contains a description of cyber incidents inspired by real-world examples, accompanied by detailed legal analysis. The aim of the analysis is to examine the applicability of international law to the scenarios and the issues they raise. You can see all scenarios in the box immediately below – just click on any of them to follow the relevant analysis. In addition, you may want to explore the Toolkit by looking for [[keywords]] you’re interested in; by viewing its overall [[List of articles|article structure]]; or by reading about individual [[List_of_articles#Real-world_examples|real-world examples]] that serve as the basis of the Toolkit scenarios. Finally, you may want to use the search function in the top right corner of this page to look for specific words across all of the Toolkit content.</div>
 
<h2 id="mp-dyk-h2" style="clear:both; margin:0.5em; background:#bbceed; font-family:inherit; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3bfb1; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">Cyber law scenarios</h2>
 
<h2 id="mp-dyk-h2" style="clear:both; margin:0.5em; background:#bbceed; font-family:inherit; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3bfb1; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">Cyber law scenarios</h2>
 
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|[[File:Scenario_13.jpg|center|120px|link=Scenario 13: Cyber operations as a trigger of the law of armed conflict]][[Scenario 13: Cyber operations as a trigger of the law of armed conflict|S13<br>Armed<br>conflict]]
 
|[[File:Scenario_13.jpg|center|120px|link=Scenario 13: Cyber operations as a trigger of the law of armed conflict]][[Scenario 13: Cyber operations as a trigger of the law of armed conflict|S13<br>Armed<br>conflict]]
 
|[[File:Privacy-policy-445153 1920.jpg|center|120px|link=Scenario 14: Ransomware campaign]][[Scenario 14: Ransomware campaign|S14<br>Ransomware<br>campaign]]
 
|[[File:Privacy-policy-445153 1920.jpg|center|120px|link=Scenario 14: Ransomware campaign]][[Scenario 14: Ransomware campaign|S14<br>Ransomware<br>campaign]]
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|[[File:Shutterstock 1203082711 1920x1280.jpg|center|120px|link=Scenario 15: Cyber deception during armed conflict]][[Scenario 15: Cyber deception during armed conflict|S15<br>Cyber<br>deception]]
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|[[File:Shipsbridge-3x2.jpg|center|120px|link=Scenario 16: Cyber attacks against ships on the high seas]][[Scenario 16: Cyber attacks against ships on the high seas|S16<br>High<br>seas]]
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|[[File:Pexels-markus-spiske-1679618.jpg|center|120px|link=Scenario 17: Collective responses to cyber operations]][[Scenario 17: Collective responses to cyber operations|S17<br>Collective<br>responses]]
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|[[File:Cyber operator.jpeg|center|120px|link=Scenario 18: Legal status of cyber operators during armed conflict]][[Scenario 18: Legal status of cyber operators during armed conflict|S18<br>Cyber<br>operators]]
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|[[File:Social-3064515 1920.jpg|center|120px|link=Scenario 19: Hate speech]][[Scenario 19: Hate speech|S19<br>Hate<br>speech]]
 
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<div id="mp-itn" style="padding:0.1em 0.6em;">[[File:EUCouncil.png|left|150px]]
 
<div id="mp-itn" style="padding:0.1em 0.6em;">[[File:EUCouncil.png|left|150px]]
On 30 July 2020, the Council of the European Union [https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/07/30/eu-imposes-the-first-ever-sanctions-against-cyber-attacks/ decided] to impose restrictive measures against six individuals and three entities considered to be responsible for or involved in various hostile cyber operations. These included the [[Attempted hack of the OPCW (2018)|attempted hack of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)]] and the [[WannaCry (2017)|WannaCry]] and [[NotPetya (2017)|NotPetya]] incidents. The sanctions imposed included a travel ban and an asset freeze. In addition, EU persons and entities were prohibited from making funds available to those listed. This was the first time the EU has imposed restrictive measures of this kind. Within the Toolkit, [[Scenario 04: A State’s failure to assist an international organization|Scenario 04]] specifically considers a hypothetical situation in which an international organization falls victim to cyber attacks, and Scenario 17 (forthcoming) discusses the legality of targeted restrictive measures of this kind from the perspective of international law.</div>
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On 30 July 2020, the Council of the European Union [https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2020/07/30/eu-imposes-the-first-ever-sanctions-against-cyber-attacks/ decided] to impose restrictive measures against six individuals and three entities considered to be responsible for or involved in various hostile cyber operations. These included the [[Attempted hack of the OPCW (2018)|attempted hack of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)]] and the [[WannaCry (2017)|WannaCry]] and [[NotPetya (2017)|NotPetya]] incidents. The sanctions imposed included a travel ban and an asset freeze. In addition, EU persons and entities were prohibited from making funds available to those listed. This was the first time the EU has imposed restrictive measures of this kind. Within the Toolkit, [[Scenario 04: A State’s failure to assist an international organization|Scenario 04]] specifically considers a hypothetical situation in which an international organization falls victim to cyber attacks, and [[Scenario 17: Collective responses to cyber operations|Scenario 17]] discusses the legality of targeted restrictive measures of this kind from the perspective of international law.</div>
 
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<div id="mp-itn" style="padding:0.1em 0.6em;">[[File:Brno_(znak).svg|left|150px]]
 
<div id="mp-itn" style="padding:0.1em 0.6em;">[[File:Brno_(znak).svg|left|150px]]
On 13 March 2020, the Brno University Hospital, the second-largest hospital in the Czech Republic, at the time also providing COVID-19 testing capacities, was [[Brno University Hospital ransomware attack (2020)|targeted by ransomware]]. The hospital was forced to shut down its entire IT network and had to postpone urgent surgical interventions and reroute patients to other nearby hospitals. It took several weeks before the hospital was fully operational again. [[Scenario 14: Ransomware campaign|Scenario 14]] in the Toolkit provides the legal analysis of a typical ransomware campaign.</div>
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On 13 March 2020, Brno University Hospital, the second-largest hospital in the Czech Republic, at the time also providing COVID-19 testing capacities, was [[Brno University Hospital ransomware attack (2020)|targeted by ransomware]]. The hospital was forced to shut down its entire IT network, postpone urgent surgical interventions, and reroute patients to other nearby hospitals. It took several weeks before the hospital was fully operational again. [[Scenario 14: Ransomware campaign|Scenario 14]] in the Toolkit provides the legal analysis of a ransomware campaign against municipal and health care services abroad.</div>
 
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<h2 id="mp-otd-h2" style="clear:both; margin:0.5em; background:#bbceed; font-family:inherit; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3b0bf; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">Behind the scenes</h2>
 
<h2 id="mp-otd-h2" style="clear:both; margin:0.5em; background:#bbceed; font-family:inherit; font-size:120%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #a3b0bf; color:#000; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">Behind the scenes</h2>
<div id="mp-otd" style="padding:0.1em 0.6em 0.5em;">The project is supported by the following five partner institutions: the [https://www.govcert.cz/en/ Czech National Cyber and Information Security Agency] (NÚKIB), the [https://www.icrc.org International Committee of the Red Cross] (ICRC), the [https://ccdcoe.org/ NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence] (CCD COE), the [https://www.exeter.ac.uk/ University of Exeter], United Kingdom, and [https://en.whu.edu.cn Wuhan University], China. The core of the project team consists of [https://socialsciences.exeter.ac.uk/law/staff/macak/ Dr Kubo Mačák] (ICRC) – General Editor; Mr Tomáš Minárik (NÚKIB) – Managing Editor; and Ms Taťána Jančárková (CCD COE) – Scenario Editor. The pilot year of the project (2018/19) was supported through the [https://esrc.ukri.org/collaboration/collaboration-oportunities/impact-acceleration-accounts/ UK ESRC IAA Project Co-Creation] scheme. The individual scenarios and the Toolkit as such have been reviewed by a team of over 20 [[People#Peer_reviewers|peer reviewers]]. The Toolkit was formally launched on 28 May 2019 in Tallinn, Estonia; its Chinese launch took place on 2 November 2019 in Wuhan, China; and it remains continuously updated. For questions about the project including media enquiries, please contact us at cyberlaw@exeter.ac.uk.</div>
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<div id="mp-otd" style="padding:0.1em 0.6em 0.5em;">The project is supported by the following five partner institutions: the [https://www.govcert.cz/en/ Czech National Cyber and Information Security Agency] (NÚKIB), the [https://www.icrc.org International Committee of the Red Cross] (ICRC), the [https://ccdcoe.org/ NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence] (CCD COE), the [https://www.exeter.ac.uk/ University of Exeter], United Kingdom, and [https://en.whu.edu.cn Wuhan University], China. The core of the project team consists of [https://socialsciences.exeter.ac.uk/law/staff/macak/ Dr Kubo Mačák] (ICRC) – General Editor; Mr Tomáš Minárik (NÚKIB) – Managing Editor; and Ms Taťána Jančárková (CCD COE) – Scenario Editor. The pilot year of the project (2018/19) was supported through the [https://esrc.ukri.org/collaboration/collaboration-oportunities/impact-acceleration-accounts/ UK ESRC IAA Project Co-Creation] scheme. The individual scenarios and the Toolkit as such have been reviewed by a team of over 30 [[People#Peer_reviewers|peer reviewers]]. The Toolkit was formally launched on 28 May 2019 in Tallinn, Estonia; its Chinese launch took place on 2 November 2019 in Wuhan, China; it received its first general annual update on 2 October 2020; and it remains continuously updated. For questions about the project including media enquiries, please contact us at cyberlaw@exeter.ac.uk.</div>
 
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<!-- *'''[[Editing rules]]''' - Note on the editing of articles. Please read this if you would like to help us develop the content of the Toolkit. -->
 
<!-- *'''[[Editing rules]]''' - Note on the editing of articles. Please read this if you would like to help us develop the content of the Toolkit. -->
 
*'''[[People]]''' – List of all people involved in the projec{{DISPLAYTITLE:<span style="position: absolute; clip: rect(1px 1px 1px 1px); clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);">{{FULLPAGENAME}}</span>}}t (including scenario authors, peer reviewers, research assistants...).
 
*'''[[People]]''' – List of all people involved in the projec{{DISPLAYTITLE:<span style="position: absolute; clip: rect(1px 1px 1px 1px); clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);">{{FULLPAGENAME}}</span>}}t (including scenario authors, peer reviewers, research assistants...).
<!-- <h2>Call for submissions</h2>
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<h2>Call for submissions</h2>
Cyber Law Toolkit is now inviting submissions for its next general update in 2020. Successful authors will be awarded an honorarium. This call for submissions is open until 1 November 2019. Full text of the call with submission dates and contacts is available for download here: [https://www.ccdcoe.org/uploads/2019/09/Cyber-Law-Toolkit-call-for-submissions-2019.pdf PDF]
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Cyber Law Toolkit is now inviting submissions for its next general update in 2021. Successful authors will be awarded an honorarium. This call for submissions is open until 15 November 2020. Full text of the call with submission dates and contacts is available for download here: [https://ccdcoe.org/uploads/2020/10/Call-for-Submissions-2020-2021.pdf PDF]
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Revision as of 13:32, 12 October 2020

MainBanner2020.jpg


Welcome to the Cyber Law Toolkit, an interactive online resource on international law and cyber operations.

Other resources

  • FAQ – Frequently asked questions about the project and the Toolkit.
  • All articles – Updated list of all substantive articles in the Toolkit. In a printed book, this would be the table of contents.
  • Keywords – Overview of all keywords used across the Toolkit content. Serves the same purpose as an index would in a printed book.
  • Examples – List of real-world incidents that have inspired the analysis in the Toolkit.
  • Glossary – Glossary of the technical terms used in the Toolkit.
  • Short form citation – Abbreviated references for the most commonly used citations in the Toolkit.
  • Bibliography – Bibliography of resources used in the creation and development of the Toolkit.
  • People – List of all people involved in the project (including scenario authors, peer reviewers, research assistants...).

Call for submissions

Cyber Law Toolkit is now inviting submissions for its next general update in 2021. Successful authors will be awarded an honorarium. This call for submissions is open until 15 November 2020. Full text of the call with submission dates and contacts is available for download here: PDF