Editing National position of Australia (2020)

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"International humanitarian law (IHL) (including the principles of humanity, necessity, proportionality and distinction) applies to cyber activities within an armed conflict.
 
"International humanitarian law (IHL) (including the principles of humanity, necessity, proportionality and distinction) applies to cyber activities within an armed conflict.
   
 
Australia considers that, if a cyber activity rises to the same threshold as that of a kinetic 'attack' (or act of violence) under IHL, the rules governing such attacks during armed conflict will apply to those kinds of cyber activities. Applicable IHL rules will also apply to cyber activities in an armed conflict that do not constitute or rise to the level of an 'attack', including the principle of military necessity and the general protections afforded to the civilian population and individual civilians with respect to military operations.
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The IHL principle of proportionality prohibits the launching of an attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated.
 
The IHL principle of proportionality prohibits the launching of an attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated.
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All Australian military capabilities are employed in line with approved targeting procedures. Cyber activities are no different. Australian targeting procedures comply with the requirements of IHL and trained legal officers provide decision-makers with advice to ensure that Australia satisfies its obligations under international law and its domestic legal requirements."<ref>[https://www.internationalcybertech.gov.au/our-work/annexes/annex-b Australian Government, Australia's position on how international law applies to State conduct in cyberspace]</ref><section end=AU_2020 IHL />
 
All Australian military capabilities are employed in line with approved targeting procedures. Cyber activities are no different. Australian targeting procedures comply with the requirements of IHL and trained legal officers provide decision-makers with advice to ensure that Australia satisfies its obligations under international law and its domestic legal requirements."<ref>[https://www.internationalcybertech.gov.au/our-work/annexes/annex-b Australian Government, Australia's position on how international law applies to State conduct in cyberspace]</ref><section end=AU_2020 IHL />
 
==[[Attack (international humanitarian law)|Attack (international humanitarian law)]]==
 
<section begin=AU_2020 Attack (international humanitarian law) />
 
 
"Australia considers that, if a cyber activity rises to the same threshold as that of a kinetic 'attack' (or act of violence) under IHL, the rules governing such attacks during armed conflict will apply to those kinds of cyber activities. Applicable IHL rules will also apply to cyber activities in an armed conflict that do not constitute or rise to the level of an 'attack', including the principle of military necessity and the general protections afforded to the civilian population and individual civilians with respect to military operations."<ref>Australian Government, ‘[https://www.internationalcybertech.gov.au/our-work/annexes/annex-b Australia's position on how international law applies to State conduct in cyberspace]’ (2020).</ref><section end=AU_2020 Attack (international humanitarian law) />
 
   
 
==[[International human rights law]]==
 
==[[International human rights law]]==
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