Editing National position of the People's Republic of China (2021)

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This is the national position of the People's Republic of China on international law applicable to cyberspace. The position<ref>[https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/jks_665232/kjlc_665236/qtwt_665250/t1915533.shtml China's Positions on International Rules-making in Cyberspace, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China.]</ref> has been rendered available by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in October 2021.
 
This is the national position of the People's Republic of China on international law applicable to cyberspace. The position<ref>[https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/jks_665232/kjlc_665236/qtwt_665250/t1915533.shtml China's Positions on International Rules-making in Cyberspace, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China.]</ref> has been rendered available by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in October 2021.
   
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==[[Applicability of international law]]==
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==Applicability of international law==
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<section begin=CN_2021 applicability/>
 
 
"The phenomenal development of information technology revolution and digital economy is exerting far-reaching influence over social and economic development of States and human civilization. All parties should uphold multilateralism, ensure fairness and justice, put equal emphasis on security and development, step up dialogue and cooperation, promote global governance and international rules-making, and build a community of shared future in cyberspace."<ref>[https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/jks_665232/kjlc_665236/qtwt_665250/t1915533.shtml China's Positions on International Rules-making in Cyberspace, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China.]</ref>
 
"The phenomenal development of information technology revolution and digital economy is exerting far-reaching influence over social and economic development of States and human civilization. All parties should uphold multilateralism, ensure fairness and justice, put equal emphasis on security and development, step up dialogue and cooperation, promote global governance and international rules-making, and build a community of shared future in cyberspace."<ref>[https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/jks_665232/kjlc_665236/qtwt_665250/t1915533.shtml China's Positions on International Rules-making in Cyberspace, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China.]</ref>
   
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"States can conduct policy and technical exchanges, law-enforcement cooperation and information sharing on a voluntary basis to enhance mutual trust and reduce misperception and miscalculation.
 
"States can conduct policy and technical exchanges, law-enforcement cooperation and information sharing on a voluntary basis to enhance mutual trust and reduce misperception and miscalculation.
   
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For realizing fair, reasonable and universal access to the Internet, popularization of ICTs, equal sharing of digital dividends and global common and sustainable development, international cooperation and assistance on ICT security should be promoted. States should step up cooperation on emergency response capabilities. States should not conduct malicious cyber activities against the State which is seeking the assistance or a third State under the pretext of providing assistance."<ref>[https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/jks_665232/kjlc_665236/qtwt_665250/t1915533.shtml China's Positions on International Rules-making in Cyberspace, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China.]</ref><section end=CN_2021 applicability/>
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For realizing fair, reasonable and universal access to the Internet, popularization of ICTs, equal sharing of digital dividends and global common and sustainable development, international cooperation and assistance on ICT security should be promoted. States should step up cooperation on emergency response capabilities. States should not conduct malicious cyber activities against the State which is seeking the assistance or a third State under the pretext of providing assistance."<ref>[https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zzjg_663340/jks_665232/kjlc_665236/qtwt_665250/t1915533.shtml China's Positions on International Rules-making in Cyberspace, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China.]</ref>
   
 
==[[Sovereignty]]==
 
==[[Sovereignty]]==
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