Editing Scenario 06: Cyber countermeasures against an enabling State

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=== Keywords ===
 
=== Keywords ===
Countermeasures, critical infrastructure, DDoS, due diligence, international co-operation, non-State actors
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Countermeasures, critical infrastructure, due diligence, international co-operation, non-State actors
   
 
=== Facts ===
 
=== Facts ===
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=== Examples ===
 
=== Examples ===
*[[Colonial Pipeline ransomware attack (2021)]]
 
 
*[[DNC email leak (2016)]]
 
*[[DNC email leak (2016)]]
*[[Office of Personnel Management data breach (2015)]]
 
 
*[[Sony Pictures Entertainment attack (2014)]]
 
*[[Sony Pictures Entertainment attack (2014)]]
 
*[[Cyber attacks against Estonia (2007)]]
 
*[[Cyber attacks against Estonia (2007)]]
 
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*[[Office of Personnel Management data breach (2015)]]
 
*[[Sands Casino hack (2014)]]
 
*[[Sands Casino hack (2014)]]
 
*[[Operation Ababil (2012-2013)]]
 
*[[Operation Ababil (2012-2013)]]
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* Marco Roscini, ''Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law'' (OUP 2014).
 
* Marco Roscini, ''Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law'' (OUP 2014).
 
* Michael N Schmitt (ed), ''[https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316822524 Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations]'' (CUP 2017).
 
* Michael N Schmitt (ed), ''[https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316822524 Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations]'' (CUP 2017).
* Rüdiger Wolfrum, ‘Obligation of Result Versus Obligation of Conduct: Some Thoughts About the Implementation of International Obligations’ in Mahnoush H Arsanjani and others, ''Looking to the Future: Essays on International Law in Honor of Michael Reisman'' (Brill 2010).
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* Rüdiger Wolfrum, ‘Obligation of Result Versus Obligation of Conduct: Some Thoughts About the Implementation of International Obligations’ in Mahnoush H Arsanjani et al, ''Looking to the Future: Essays on International Law in Honor of Michael Reisman'' (Brill 2010).
 
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* MN Schmitt (ed), ''Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations'' (CUP 2017)
 
* MN Schmitt (ed), ''Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations'' (CUP 2017)
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[[Category:Non-State actors]]
 
[[Category:Non-State actors]]
 
[[Category:Scenario]]
 
[[Category:Scenario]]
[[Category:DDoS]]
 

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