Scenario 16: Cyber attacks against ships on the high seas
Jump to navigation
Jump to search
You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you
create an account
, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits.
Anti-spam check. Do
fill this in!
==Checklist == *Flag State jurisdiction **Has there been an unlawful interference by a foreign State with a vessel under the jurisdiction of another? **Did any of the exceptions permitting the foreign State to exercise its jurisdiction exist at the time? *Freedom of navigation **Has the cyber operation impacted the navigation of a foreign vessel? *Sovereign immunity **Has there been an interference with a foreign vessel that enjoys sovereign immunity? **Is there an international armed conflict in existence that would remove the sovereign immunity of the vessel? *Maritime law enforcement or use of force **Does an “objective evaluation” of the circumstances suggest the operation qualified as law enforcement, or as a use of force? **If law enforcement, have the standards for using forcible means in a law enforcement operation been adhered to? **If a potential use of force, has the cyber operation reached the threshold necessary for classification as a prohibited use of force under Article 2(4) of the UN Charter? *Countermeasures **Is the injured State responding to a prior internationally wrongful act of the responsible State? **Would the injured State’s conduct taken in response amount to an internationally wrongful act if not justified as a countermeasure? ** Do the measures taken in response by the injured State meet the conditions prescribed for the lawful resort to countermeasures under international law?
Please note that all contributions to International cyber law: interactive toolkit are considered to be released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0) (see
International cyber law: interactive toolkit:Copyrights
for details). If you do not want your writing to be edited mercilessly and redistributed at will, then do not submit it here.
You are also promising us that you wrote this yourself, or copied it from a public domain or similar free resource.
Do not submit copyrighted work without permission!
(opens in new window)
Retrieved from "
Not logged in
What links here
Get shortened URL