Editing State responsibility

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Every internationally wrongful act of a State has two elements: 1) attributability to the State under international law, and 2) breach of an international obligation of the State.<ref>Articles on State Responsibility, Art 2.</ref>Besides these two elements, it is necessary to ascertain whether the act in question involved any 3) circumstances precluding wrongfulness.<ref>Articles on State Responsibility, Arts 20-26.</ref>
 
Every internationally wrongful act of a State has two elements: 1) attributability to the State under international law, and 2) breach of an international obligation of the State.<ref>Articles on State Responsibility, Art 2.</ref>Besides these two elements, it is necessary to ascertain whether the act in question involved any 3) circumstances precluding wrongfulness.<ref>Articles on State Responsibility, Arts 20-26.</ref>
 
<i>Publicly available [[State responsibility#National positions|national positions that address this issue]] include:</i>
 
[[Image:Flag of Australia.svg|40px|link=National position of Australia (2020)#State responsibility|National position of Australia (2020)]][[National position of Australia (2020)#State responsibility| (2020)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Brazil.svg|30px|link=National position of Brazil (2021)#State responsibility|National position of Brazil (2021)]][[National position of Brazil (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Canada.svg|40px|link=National position of Canada (2022)#State responsibility|National position of Canada (2022)]][[National position of Canada (2022)#State responsibility| (2022)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Estonia.svg|30px|link=National position of Estonia (2019)#State responsibility|National position of Estonia (2019)]][[National position of Estonia (2019)#State responsibility| (2019)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Estonia.svg|30px|link=National position of Estonia (2021)#State responsibility|National position of Estonia (2021)]][[National position of Estonia (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Finland.svg|30px|link=National position of Finland (2020)#State responsibility|National position of Finland (2020)]][[National position of Finland (2020)#State responsibility| (2020)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of France.svg|30px|link=National position of France (2019)#State responsibility|National position of France (2019)]][[National position of France (2019)#State responsibility| (2019)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Italy.svg|30px|link=National position of the Italian Republic (2021)#State responsibility|National position of the Italian Republic (2021)]] [[National position of the Italian Republic (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Japan.svg|30px|link=National position of Japan (2021)#State responsibility|National position of Japan (2021)]][[National position of Japan (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of New Zealand.svg|40px|link=National position of New Zealand (2020)#State responsibility|National position of New Zealand (2020)]][[National position of New Zealand (2020)#State responsibility| (2020)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Norway.svg|30px|link=National position of Norway (2021)#State responsibility|National position of Norway (2021)]][[National position of Norway (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Romania.svg|30px|link=National position of Romania (2021)#State responsibility|National position of Romania (2021)]][[National position of Romania (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Russia.svg|30px|link=National position of the Russian Federation (2021)#State responsibility|National position of the Russian Federation (2021)]][[National position of the Russian Federation (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of Switzerland.svg|20px|link=National position of Switzerland (2021)#State responsibility|National position of Switzerland (2021)]][[National position of Switzerland (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg|40px|link=National position of the United Kingdom (2018)#State responsibility|National position of the United Kingdom (2018)]][[National position of the United Kingdom (2018)#State responsibility| (2018)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg|40px|link=National position of the United Kingdom (2021)#State responsibility|National position of the United Kingdom (2021)]][[National position of the United Kingdom (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of the United Kingdom.svg|40px|link=National position of the United Kingdom (2022)#State responsibility|National position of the United Kingdom (2022)]][[National position of the United Kingdom (2022)#State responsibility| (2022)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|40px|link=National position of the United States of America (2012)#State responsibility|National position of the United States of America (2012)]][[National position of the United States of America (2012)#State responsibility| (2012)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|40px|link=National position of the United States of America (2016)#State responsibility|National position of the United States of America (2016)]][[National position of the United States of America (2016)#State responsibility| (2016)]],
 
[[Image:Flag of the United States.svg|40px|link=National position of the United States of America (2021)#State responsibility|National position of the United States of America (2021)]][[National position of the United States of America (2021)#State responsibility| (2021)]].
 
 
|}<section end=Definition />
 
|}<section end=Definition />
   
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===[[National position of Brazil (2021)|Brazil (2021)]]===
 
===[[National position of Brazil (2021)|Brazil (2021)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of Brazil (2021)|BR_2021 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of Brazil (2021)|BR_2021 state responsibility }}
===[[National position of Canada (2022)|Canada (2022)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of Canada (2022)|CA_2022 state responsibility }}
 
 
===[[National position of Estonia (2019)|Estonia (2019)]]===
 
===[[National position of Estonia (2019)|Estonia (2019)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of Estonia (2019)|EE_2019 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of Estonia (2019)|EE_2019 state responsibility }}
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===[[National position of France (2019)|France (2019)]]===
 
===[[National position of France (2019)|France (2019)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of France (2019)|FR_2019 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of France (2019)|FR_2019 state responsibility }}
===[[National position of the Italian Republic (2021)|Italy (2021)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of the Italian Republic (2021)|IT_2021 state responsibility }}
 
 
===[[National position of Japan (2021)|Japan (2021)]]===
 
===[[National position of Japan (2021)|Japan (2021)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of Japan (2021)|JP_2021 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of Japan (2021)|JP_2021 state responsibility }}
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===[[National position of Romania (2021)|Romania (2021)]]===
 
===[[National position of Romania (2021)|Romania (2021)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of Romania (2021)|RO_2021 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of Romania (2021)|RO_2021 state responsibility }}
===[[National position of the Russian Federation (2021)|Russia (2021)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of the Russian Federation (2021)|RU_2021 state responsibility }}
 
 
===[[National position of Switzerland (2021)|Switzerland (2021)]]===
 
===[[National position of Switzerland (2021)|Switzerland (2021)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of Switzerland (2021)|CH_2021 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of Switzerland (2021)|CH_2021 state responsibility }}
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===[[National position of the United Kingdom (2021)|United Kingdom (2021)]]===
 
===[[National position of the United Kingdom (2021)|United Kingdom (2021)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of the United Kingdom (2021)|UK_2021 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of the United Kingdom (2021)|UK_2021 state responsibility }}
===[[National position of the United Kingdom (2022)|United Kingdom (2022)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of the United Kingdom (2022)|UK_2022 state responsibility }}
 
 
===[[National position of the United States of America (2012)|United States (2012)]]===
 
===[[National position of the United States of America (2012)|United States (2012)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of the United States of America (2012)|US_2012 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of the United States of America (2012)|US_2012 state responsibility }}
 
===[[National position of the United States of America (2016)|United States (2016)]]===
 
===[[National position of the United States of America (2016)|United States (2016)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of the United States of America (2016)|US_2016 state responsibility }}
 
{{#lst:National position of the United States of America (2016)|US_2016 state responsibility }}
===[[National position of the United States of America (2021)|United States (2021)]]===
 
{{#lst:National position of the United States of America (2021)|US_2021 state responsibility }}
 
   
 
== Appendixes ==
 
== Appendixes ==
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