About the project
The Cyber Law Toolkit is a dynamic interactive web-based resource for legal professionals who work with matters at the intersection of international law and cyber operations. The Toolkit may be explored and utilized in a number of different ways. At its core, it presently consists of 25 hypothetical scenarios. Each scenario contains a description of cyber incidents inspired by real-world examples, accompanied by detailed legal analysis. The aim of the analysis is to examine the applicability of international law to the scenarios and the issues they raise. You can see all scenarios in the box immediately below – just click on any of them to follow the relevant analysis. In addition, you may want to explore the Toolkit by looking for keywords you’re interested in; by viewing its overall article structure; by browsing through the national positions on international law in cyberspace; or by reading about individual real-world examples that serve as the basis of the Toolkit scenarios. Finally, you may want to use the search function in the top right corner of this page to look for specific words across all of the Toolkit content.
Cyber law scenarios
On 14 May 2021, a ransomware attack targeted the Irish national healthcare service on both national and local levels, including several hospitals that had to cancel planned procedures. The day before, National Cyber Security Centre informed about a potential threat inside the Department of Health network, which spoiled the efforts of ransomware infiltration. The Department’s IT systems were preemptively shut down. The criminal investigation is focusing on the Wizard Spider gang that is operating from Saint Petersburg in Russia according to intelligence agencies. The Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ireland Simon Coveney said he has spoken to his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, about the cyber attack. Although most of the systems were operable a month later, its complete recovery may take up to 6 months.
In the Toolkit, Scenario 14 explores the legal questions regarding ransomware extortion campaigns. Given the indirect involvement of a State, Scenario 06 deals with the possible countermeasures deployed against an enabling State. Scenario 20 focuses on cyber operations against medical facilities.
Behind the scenes
The project is supported by the following six partner institutions: the Czech National Cyber and Information Security Agency (NÚKIB), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCDCOE), the University of Exeter, United Kingdom, the U.S. Naval War College, United States, and Wuhan University, China. The core of the project team consists of Dr Kubo Mačák (ICRC) – General Editor; Mr Tomáš Minárik (NÚKIB) – Managing Editor; and Ms Taťána Jančárková (CCDCOE) – Scenario Editor. The individual scenarios and the Toolkit as such have been reviewed by a team of over 30 peer reviewers. The Toolkit was formally launched on 28 May 2019 in Tallinn, Estonia; its Chinese launch took place on 2 November 2019 in Wuhan, China; it received its most recent general annual update on 22 September 2021; and it remains continuously updated. For questions about the project including media enquiries, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.