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About the project
The Cyber Law Toolkit is a dynamic interactive web-based resource for legal professionals who work with matters at the intersection of international law and cyber operations. The Toolkit may be explored and utilized in a number of different ways. At its heart, it consists of 13 hypothetical scenarios, to which more will be added in the future. Each scenario contains a description of cyber incidents inspired by real-world examples, accompanied by detailed legal analysis. The aim of the analysis is to examine the applicability of international law to the scenarios and the issues they raise. You can see all scenarios in the box immediately below – just click on any of them to follow the relevant analysis. In addition, you may want to explore the Toolkit by looking for keywords you’re interested in; by viewing its overall article structure; or by reading about individual real-world examples that serve as the basis of the Toolkit scenarios. Finally, you may want to use the search function in the top right corner of this page to look for specific words across all of the Toolkit content.
Cyber law scenarios
statement accusing the Russian military intelligence service (generally referred to under its previous abbreviation GRU for Glavnoye razvedyvatel'noye upravleniye) of a series of cyber attacks “conducted in flagrant violation of international law”. These attacks have ranged from hacking the Democratic National Committee in the US and publishing its documents online, to attempting to compromise the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office systems through a spearphishing attack, to using ransomware to cause disruption to Ukrainian public transport systems. Some of these attacks allegedly attributable to the GRU display factual pattern similar to several of the toolkit scenarios. In particular, Scenario 01 considers the law relevant to electoral interference using cyber means; Scenario 02 considers the extent to which cyber espionage targeted against another State’s foreign ministry violates international law; and Scenario 03 looks at the extent to which disruption of public utilities and other critical infrastructure violates international law.
Behind the scenes
The project is supported through the UK ESRC IAA Project Co-Creation scheme. Partner institutions include the University of Exeter, United Kingdom; NATO Co-operative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (CCD COE) in Tallinn, Estonia; and the Czech National Cyber and Information Security Agency (NCISA) in Brno, Czechia. The core of the project team consists of Dr Kubo Mačák (Exeter) – General Editor; Mr Tomáš Minárik (CCD COE) – Managing Editor; and Ms Taťána Jančárková (NCISA) – Scenario Editor. The individual scenarios and the Toolkit as such have been reviewed by a team of over 20 peer reviewers. The Toolkit was formally launched on 28 May 2019 in Tallinn, Estonia, and it remains continuously updated. For questions about the project including media enquiries, please contact us at email@example.com.