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Definition[edit | edit source]

An act of retorsion is “an unfriendly but nevertheless lawful act by the aggrieved party against the wrongdoer”.[1] Such acts may include the prohibition of or limitations upon normal diplomatic relations, the imposition of trade embargoes or the withdrawal of voluntary aid programmes.[2]

Appendixes[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Notes and references[edit | edit source]

  1. E Zoller, Peacetime Unilateral Remedies: An Analysis of Countermeasures (Transnational 1984) 5.
  2. Articles on State Responsibility, commentary to Part Three, Chapter II, para. 3.

Bibliography and further reading[edit | edit source]